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  1. Copyright:
  2. Alexander A. Panov | Institute for African Studies
  3. Alexander A. Panov
  4. Encyclopedia of Football Medicine, Vol.2

The book puts international human behavior into perspective, and is wholly mesmerizing. The project is of great interest to policymakers who want to imagine solutions that are benefi cial for all, but sufficiently pragmatic to ensure a seamless implementation, particularly in the field of cross-border trade in developing countries.

Many original and relevant practices were recognized empirically in socialist countries, but this book shows their generality. It is far more rewarding for the reader to discover how commonalities of informal behavior become apparent through this rich texture like a complex and hidden pattern behind local colors than to presume top down universal benchmarks of good versus bad behavior.

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This book is a plea against reductionist approaches of mathematics in social science in general, and corruption studies in particular and makes a great read, as well as an indispensable guide to understand the cultural richness of the world. Ledeneva and her networked expertise not only enable us to view the informal comparatively, but challenge conventionally legible accounts of membership, markets, domination and resistance with these rich accounts from five continents.

This project offers nothing less than a social scientific revolution… if the broader scholarly community has the imagination to follow through. This wonderful collection of short essays, penned by many of the single best experts in their fields, puts the reader squarely in the kinds of conversations culled only after years of friendship, trust, and with the keen eye of the practiced observer. The reader, in the end, is the one invited to consider the many and striking commonalities.

She is an internationally renowned expert on informal governance in Russia. Her research interests centre on corruption, informal economies, economic crime, informal practices in corporate governance, and the role of networks and patron-client relationships in Russia and around the globe. Sistema, Power Networks and Informal Governance have become must-read sources in Russian studies and social sciences.

The motivational ambivalence: the blurring of the public and the private in the workings of informal power. Conclusion: when do informal practices turn into informal institutions? Concluding remarks to Volume 2: are some countries more informal than others? The word and the light, the ear and the eye: Contrasting Jew and Greek.

In Zion, N. Spectre eds. New York: Devora Publishing. In Cochrane, J. Klein eds. Washington D. Une epistemologie exotique de la religion en Afrique du Sud. In Faure, V. Jim Jones. In Roof, W. New York: Macmillan Library Reference. In Braun, W. McCutcheon eds. London: Cassell. The church of baseball, the fetish of Coca-Cola, and the potlatch of Rock 'n' Roll.

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In Forbes, B. Mahan eds. David Chidester traces the Peoples Temple to its mass suicide in Guyana In Allitt, P. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Embracing South Africa, internationalizing the study of religion. Tobler eds. Christmas in July: Laughter, pain, and incongruity and the study of religion. In Cohn-Sherbok, D. Lamb eds. London: Middlesex University Press. Stories, fragments, and monuments. Martin eds. Comparative religious studies. In Mouton, J. Muller eds. Pretoria: Human Sciences Research Council. Man, God, beast, heaven, light, burning fire. In Andree, T. Schreiner eds.

Bushman religion: Open, closed, and new frontiers. Mutilating meaning: European interpretations of Khoisan languages of the body. Gestures of dismissal, policies of containment: From denial to discovery in South African comparative religion. In De Gruchy, J. Pretoria: Unisa. Linenthal eds. The poetics and politics of sacred space: Towards a critical phenomenology of religion. In Tymieniecka A. Analecta Husserliana: The yearbook of phenomenological research. Dordrecht: Kluwer. The politics of exclusion: Christian images of illegitimacy. In Burman, S. Preston-Whyte eds.

Primal religions. In Prozesky, M. Cape Town: David Philip. Panel discussion: When does life begin? Abortion and In Vitrio Fertilization. In Benatar, S. Cape Town: Department of Medicine. World religions in the world. Journal for the Study of Religion 13, 1: Disrupting religion. Sociology of Religion: A Quarterly Review 79, Beyond religious studies? The future of the study of religion in a multidisciplinary perspective. The accidental, ambivalent, and useless sacred. Material Religion 10, 2: Postgraduates producing knowledge. Journal for the Study of Religion 26, 1: Colonialism and religion.

Critical Research on Religion 1, 1: Thinking black: Circulations of Africana religion in imperial comparative religion. Journal of Africana Religions 1, 1: An author meets his critics around Manuel A. Comments by David Chidester. Religion and Society: Advances in Research 3: Gates of distance. Frequencies: A genealogy of spirituality November Material Religion 7, 1: Reflections on imitation: Ethnographic knowledge, popular culture, and capitalist economy. Etnofoor 22, 2: With Federico G.

Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal 92, Contact Zone 2: Religious fundamentalism in South Africa. Unity in diversity: Religion education and public pedagogy in South Africa. Numen: International Review for the History of Religions Material Religion 4, 2: Engaging the wildness of things. Journal of the American Academy of Religion 76, 1: Sacred nation or sold nation: South African 'religious work'.

Wiser Review 2 December : Language, person, and place: Echoes of religion in minority literatures. Journal for the Study of Religion 19, 2: Atlantic community, atlantic world: Anti-Americanism between Europe and Africa. Journal of American History 93, 2: Moralizing noise.

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Harvard Divinity School Bulletin 32, 3: Fake religion: Ordeals of authenticity in the study of religion. Journal for the Study of Religion 16, 2: Primitive texts, savage contexts: Contextualizing the study of religion in colonial situations. Method and Theory in the Study of Religion British Journal of Religious Education 25, 4: Journal for the Study of Religion 15, 2: Religion, globalization, and human rights. Forum: American religious people as 'other'. Journal for the Study of Religion 13, Material terms for the study of religion. Journal of the American Academy of Religion Haptics of the heart: The sense of touch in American religion and culture.

Culture and Religion 1: Belief and Values. Visionaries: The essential guide to the 21 st century, work leisure and lifestyle. BBC World Service. Journal for the Study of Religion 11, 1: No first or final solutions: Strategies, techniques, and Ivan Strenski's garden in the study of religion. Forum: Interpreting Waco. Taking the bull by the tail: Responses to the Lingua Franca article. Bulletin of the Council of Societies for the Study of Religion 26, 4: Rue Descartes Scholar's bookshelf: Religion and popular culture.

Religious Studies News 12, 4: Man, God, beast, light, burning fire. Journal of the American Academy of Religion 64, 4: Anchoring religion in the world: A Southern African history of comparative religion. Religion The failure of the word. Rage, healing in South Africa. The Witness 75, Saving the children by killing them: Redemptive sacrifice in the ideologies of Jim Jones and Ronald Reagan. Religion, racism, and violence: South Africa and North America.

Alexander A. Panov | Institute for African Studies

Time, space, and tension in American Christianity. International African Bibliography. Published quarterly as a key bibliography on Africa and the African diaspora. Arranged by regions with four thousand new entries per year listing monographs, book chapters, and articles in periodicals.

Provides cross-references for many entries. For researchers, specialists, and the general reader. Internet African History Sourcebooks. Presents and preserves an array of primary and secondary sources on African history, from the earliest times to the modern era. Includes original texts and various materials organized to showcase differing perspectives on key issues and debates in African history. Valuable for researchers, as well as for undergraduate and graduate students. Paden, John N.

Soja, eds.

Alexander A. Panov

The African Experience. Massive and comprehensive, though dated. Focus is on the modern era, especially the colonial and the immediate postcolonial periods. Emphasis on social, economic, and political issues. Valuable for researchers, graduate students, and those with an interest in the immediate postcolonial decade.

Scheven, Yvette. Bibliographies for African Studies, — New York: Zell, A compilation of bibliographies that have been published as books, articles, or as parts of edited volumes in African studies dealing with different disciplines in the social sciences and the humanities.

Fully annotated. Updated annually in the African Book Publishing Record each year. For libraries and specialists. Several reference works exist for the study of African history. Vogel provides the most authoritative exploration of issues related to the precolonial history of Africa. For comprehensive and more detailed coverage, consult Middleton and Miller and Shillington Ajayi and Crowder is a colorful and well-illustrated historical atlas. Zeleza and Eyoh provides the best single-volume reference work on 20th-century African history. Africa South of the Sahara. London: Routledge, —.

A major reference work, published annually since Provides rare and valuable information, a narrative of recent history, statistical surveys, and a directory on each African country. Contains background articles on the continent and key information on African regional and international organizations.

Available online by subscription. Ajayi, J. Ade, and Michael Crowder. Historical Atlas of Africa. Covers a wide range of subjects related to African history and society, from the earliest times and the first hominids to the modern era. Contains detailed, beautiful, multicolored, large-format maps as well as photographs, numerical data, and accompanying historical narratives on more than seventy subjects. Essential reference work for researchers. Fage, John D. The Cambridge History of Africa.

Detailed survey of African history from the earliest times to the midth century. Written exclusively by British and American historians. Has extensive bibliographies. In-depth coverage for the specialists as well as for undergraduate and graduate students. Middleton, John, and Joseph C. Miller, eds. New Encyclopedia of Africa. New York: Scribner, The most comprehensive encyclopedia on Africa in print. Co-authored by a historical anthropologist and a historian. Contains numerous entries on African history and historiography.

Coverage extends beyond historical topics to other subjects, unlike Shillington and Zeleza and Eyoh Essential library collection. Shillington, Kevin, ed. Encyclopedia of African History. Several articles dealing with different aspects of the sources, methods, and historiography of Africa. On African historiography generally, see pp. On historiography of Western Africa, see pp. On sources of African history, see pp. Contains essential reference materials for public and institutional libraries.

Also available in digitized e-book version. Berkeley: University of California Press, — Unlike the Cambridge History of Africa Fage and Oliver — , this was written primarily by African specialists with a greater focus on archaeology, oral history, and African initiatives and contributions. Has extensive bibliographies at the end of each volume. Vogel, Joseph O. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira, A comprehensive and readable exploration of key issues and themes on the peoples, languages, and history of precolonial Africa.

The bulk of the volume pp. Zeleza, Paul Tiyambe, and Dickson Eyoh, eds. Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century African History. New York: Routledge, Compact and continental in focus, the volume explores the history of Africa in the 20th century. Focuses on the development of its historiography and on the varied, massive, complex, and contradictory sociopolitical transformations the continent has experienced in the last hundred years.

Many journals on African history exist. The most authoritative is the Journal of African History , which publishes on all areas of African history, as does International Journal of African Historical Studies. History in Africa is focused specifically on historical methods, with emphasis on the use of nonwritten sources. African Studies Review publishes on all areas of African studies. Africa concentrates on society and culture, while African Economic History concentrates on economic history.

African Studies Quarterly is an online publication of time-sensitive research results. Nearly all of the journals cited here are now available and accessible online, either directly through the individual publisher or through JSTOR. Africa: Journal of the International African Institute. A premier quarterly journal dedicated to the study of African society and culture. Publishes in the fields of humanities as well as the social and environmental sciences. Its special interests are in an interdisciplinary approach, the local production of knowledge, and critical analysis based on African categories.

African Economic History. Published annually, this journal focuses primarily on economic themes and issues. Emphasis on historiography, as well as on colonial and postcolonial sub-Saharan Africa. Preceded by African Economic History Review — Available by subscription only. African Studies Quarterly —. Publishes articles on all areas of African studies, with a special focus on issues that are of a time-sensitive nature.

African Studies Review. The leading journal of African Studies in the United States. Publishes on all areas and aspects of African studies. Preceded by African Studies Bulletin — International, interdisciplinary, and bilingual French and English social science journal on Africa, the West Indies, and the African diaspora. History in Africa: A Journal of Method. Probably the leading journal on historical methods, especially as it relates to the use of nonwritten sources such as oral tradition, archaeology, linguistics, ethnography, and genetics, as well as the critical assessment of written sources.

International Journal of African Historical Studies. Publishes on all aspects and periods of African history. Preceded by African Historical Studies — Journal of African History. The pioneering and leading journal on African history, archaeology, and prehistory. Contains the most authoritative articles on the subject of African historiography. The development of African historiography can be organized into different periods and trends. For example, ancient and classical writers wrote about Africa, and while their primary concerns were not always about the history of the continent, they left materials of historical value.

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Encyclopedia of Football Medicine, Vol.2

These were followed by Arabic and Islamic scholars, whose writings became valuable sources for the reconstruction of the history of Islamic Africa. Closer to the modern era were writings by European traders, travelers, missionaries, and colonialists. The accounts left by these various groups were often biased, tendentious, and sometimes patronizing or even denigrating toward their African subjects, clients, and hosts; as contemporary records, they have remained valuable sources of the African past. Decolonization and independence ushered in the eras of nationalist and modern historiography.

The classical writers were the first to write on Africa. Some of them, such as Herodotus see Herodotus , personally visited Africa, while some wrote accounts based the writings of others. While these accounts were few, fitful, and scanty, they provide scholars with the first inklings of the place of Africans in the ancient and classical worlds.

The controversy over slavery, especially over the origin of racism in the United States, has spurred renewed interest in the place of Africans in the classical world. Snowden and Snowden argue that ethnic and cultural prejudice rather than racism was the order in the classical world, a position roundly rejected by Isaac , whose author insists that racism was common in that period. Hansberry and Harris examines the perspectives of Africa and Africans from classical writings, while Djait looks at the nature, categories, and value of these writings on Africa.

Djait, H. Edited by J. Ki-Zerbo, 87— Examines the different types and categories of extant written sources for African history composed before the 15th century. Focused mainly on Greek, Roman, and Arabic-Islamic sources. Hansberry, William Leo, and Joseph Harris. Africa and Africans as Seen by Classical Writers. A pioneering study by a groundbreaking Africanist at Howard University, William Hansberry, who established the first African Civilization program in the United States Insightful critique of classical sources on Africa showing their strength and limitations.

Special focus on writings by poets, playwrights, historians, and geographers. London: Dent, He wrote copiously about what he saw and his impressions of Egyptian civilization and its relation with inner Africa. Isaac, Benjamin. The Invention of Racism in Classical Antiquity. An analysis of ancient sources and a corrective to Snowden and Snowden Argues that racial and not just ethnic and cultural prejudice was common in the ancient world.

Greco-Roman proto-racism became the prototype for modern-day triple ideologies of enslavement, imperialism, and anti-Semitism. Readable and thought-provoking. Snowden, Frank. Cambridge, MA: Belknap, Scholarly and painstaking study of classical writings, epigraphs, papyri, and numismatic and archaeological evidence of the black African experience in the Greco-Roman world. Africans emerge not as mysterious beings or racial inferiors but as dignified and respectable equal players.

Encyclopedic in scope and richly illustrated. Uses ancient writings to analyze three thousand years of complex black African history of cultural interactions with the classical and Mediterranean worlds. Shows the absence of virulent racial prejudice against Africans in Antiquity. Richly illustrated. The islamization of Africa resulted in the production of Arabic writings by Muslim scholars, either foreign or indigenous.

Works were also composed in some of the local languages using the Arabic script. Most of these works are eyewitness accounts, much like that of Ibn Battuta Hamdun and King and much of Leo Africanus Leo Africanus ; other writings were composed from secondhand sources. Among the most notable collection of these sources are Levtzion and Hopkins and Cuoq on West Africa; Koubbel and Matev , which contains primary Arabic texts with Russian translations, as well as Kamal with its French translations , are continental in focus.

Hunwick reviews extant internal and external Arabic sources for sub-Saharan African history and the problems associated with utilizing them. Djait examines written sources before the 15th century. Cuoq, J. Translated with notes by J. Collection focuses on West Africa. Also indicated here are the source materials for the translations. An exploration of the various written sources available for the writing of African history composed before the 15th century.

Identifies the types, nature, spread, strength, and limitations of the sources. Includes a spreadsheet listing of Arabic sources before AD. Hamdun, S. Ibn Battuta in Black Africa.

London: Rex Collings, A compilation of writings on Africa by the most famous Arab travelers in medieval Africa. Detailed and illuminating firsthand accounts of the practice of Islam, hospitality, gender issues, politics, and court lives in western and eastern Africa during the midth century. Hunwick, John O.

Edited by John Edward Philips, — Reviews the challenges of interpreting known published and unpublished external and internal Arabic sources for sub-Saharan African history. Sources in African languages written in Arabic scripts, such as Hausa and Swahili, are also examined. Includes an appendix of archival collections and extensive notes and references.

Leo Africanus. Originally written and published in Italian in Though it contains some factual inaccuracies, this remained the main source of information in Europe on the history and geography of Africa for nearly three centuries. Kamal, Youssouf, ed. Monumenta Cartograhica Africae et Aegypti. Presents a collection of maps of Africa. Continent-wide in approach, this book, however, excludes the Maghreb.

Extensive collection of all known descriptions of Egypt and Africa in their original languages with English or French translations. Koubbel, L. Moscow, Takes a broad continental approach. Includes materials on Egypt and black Africa and also Arabic primary texts with Russian translations. Levtzion, Nehemiah, and J. Hopkins, eds. New York: Cambridge University Press, The most comprehensive collection of early Arabic sources on African history in print, with sixty-four entries arranged chronologically and dating from AD to AD.

Translated by J. Contains an extensive notes section pp. European exploration, commerce, and missionary activities provided another major source for the writing of African history. The nature, scope, strength, and limitations of these sources have been the subject of much scholarship. Fage provides a guide to these sources written in European languages. Hrbek provides a general overview of a different range of written sources from the 15th century onward.

Anyake lists, describes, and contextualizes various written sources in the different European languages. Jones a examines the limited scope and coverage of European written sources. Heintze and Jones highlights the value as well as the problems and limitations of using these sources. Thornton examines the geographical spread as well as the biases of and inspiration for these sources.

Hilton explores the strength and limitations of using missionary sources for reconstructing African religious history. Anyake, Joseph B. A brief survey of the major sources for the writing of African history, from the earliest times to the present. Important for its listing, description, and contextualization of extant written sources in Arabic and in the various African and European languages.

Listings of published books and collections on European sources on Africa. Includes critical annotations on the sources as well as their publication history. More comprehensive in coverage and listing of sources than Jones b and Thornton Heintze, Beatrix, and Adam Jones, eds. Paideuma Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, An overview of the problems and challenges, as well as the immeasurable value, of using European sources. Examines the biased and tendentious nature of the sources, their limited geographical scope, and the general failure to identify sources of information.

Hilton, Anne. Examines the strength and limitations of extant European sources for the reconstruction of African religious history.


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Special focus on missionary records, reports, correspondence, newsletters, and other materials. Illustrative of the value of using eyewitness missionary accounts in spite of their obvious biases and limitations. Hrbek, I. Ki-Zerbo, — An introductory survey of available written sources on the African past composed since the 15th century. Main emphasis on sources in Arabic, Oriental, European, and indigenous African languages. Brief survey of archival sources, private papers, official reports, and other records.

Continues where Djait leaves off. Jones, Adam. Shows that the value ascribed to these sources was way out of proportion to the geographical areas covered by them. Uses illustrative maps to show that approximately 80 percent of the continent was out of the purview of European observers and writers. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, b.

A review of published accounts, collections, and editions of European sources on precolonial African history. Tries to separate the chaff from the wheat by highlighting their strengths, weaknesses, limitations, and usefulness. Useful for specialists and graduate students. Thornton, John.

A brief overview of the extent, geographical spread, and scope, as well as the variety and problems, of European sources for reconstructing the precolonial history of Africa. Discussion of the motives and biases underpinning European sources. The needs and exigencies of European colonialism resulted in the production of written documents, many of historical nature and value.

Colonial accountability and efficient administration required the keeping of accurate records and the maintenance of regular written correspondence among administrators, as well as with the colonial offices in the various European capitals. Tax assessment, labor recruitment, and administrative organization led to population census, district assessment reports, as well as annual, periodic, and other special reports with much information of historical value. Many of these records are now preserved and are generally available in the various national archives in Africa, as well as in colonial records offices or other repositories in Europe.

Some of these records are on microfilm while some are becoming available digitally. Fetter provides a collection of some of these colonial primary sources. Afigbo and Falola give a general critique of the colonial sources. Jones and MacGaffey examine the relations between history and anthropology during the colonial period. Sanders reviews the debates over the Hamitic hypothesis.

Spear criticizes overstating the invention thesis, while Cooper insists on the critical questioning of the use of European categories in the comprehension of the African colonial experience. Afigbo, Adele E.